The original text of the Panchatantra in Sanskrit was probably written about 200 B.C. by a great hindu scholar, Pnadit Vishnu Sharma. But some of the tales themselves must be much older, their origin going back to the period of the Vedas and the Uapnishads (1500 to 500 B.C.) In course of time, travellers took these stories with them to Persia and Arabia and finally, through Greece, they reached Europe. So Far it has been translated into 50 or more languages of the world.
The Panchatantra is essentially connected with one of the branches of Science known as to us as the "Nitishastra" in Sanskrit which means " A Book of Wise conduct in life". It attempts to teach us, how to understand people, how to choose reliable and trustworthy friends, hw to meet difficulties and solve problems through tact and wisdom, and how to live in peace and harmony in the face of hypocrisy, deceit and many pitfalls in life.
|The Panchatantra is woven round the frame of a tale of king who entrusts his three dull sons to a learned man, a Brahman, called Pandit Vishnu Sharma, to enlighten their minds within six months.|
The Panchatantra is woven round the frame of a tale of king who entrusts his three dull sons to a learned man, a Brahman, called Pandit Vishnu Sharma, to enlighten their minds within six months. The Brahman promises to educate them and takes them to his " ashrama" (hemitage). There he recites to them his specially composed tales divided into five tantras (In Sanskrit Pancha- Five and tantra- systems or parts) on how to deal with people in life.
The Panchatantra is a rare book for in no book will you find philosophy, psychology, politics, music, astronomy, human relations etc. all discussed together in such a simple and yet elegant style. This is exactly what Pandit Vishnu Sharma had in mind, to give as much knowledge to the princes as possible. and no doubt not only the princes but also millions of listeners and readers for the last 2200 years have benefited from this unique book.