As the largest island in Greece, Crete has more than its share of attractions. This 155 mile-long island is home to ruins of the Minoan and Venetian civilizations. Across this ancient island are numerous caves, cliffs, gorges and valleys to explore, as well as some of the best beaches in all of Greece. In addition you'll find picture-postcard villages and a real sense of the historic past at every turn.
This rugged island is renowned for sunshiny days and magnificent scenery. Crete is reached by air from destinations throughout the Mediterranean, and also by ferry from most coastal cities and islands in Greece.
The first human settlement in Crete dates before 130,000 years ago, during the Paleolithic age.
Settlements dating to the aceramic Neolithic in the 7th millennium BC, used cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and dogs as well as domesticated cereals and legumes; ancient Knossos was the site of one of these major Neolithic (then later Minoan) sites. Other neolithic settlements include those at Kephala, Magasa, and Trapeza.
Crete was the center of Europe's first advanced civilization, the Minoan (c. 2700–1420 BC). This civilization wrote in the undeciphered script known as Linear A. Early Cretan history is replete with legends such as those of King Minos, Theseus, and the Minotaur, passed on orally via poets such as Homer. The Minoan eruption of Thera devastated the Minoan civilization.
|The Prince of the Lilies (Knossos, c. 1550 BC)|
Beginning in 1420 BC, the Minoan civilization was overrun by the Mycenean civilization from mainland Greece. The oldest samples of writing in the Greek language, as identified by Michael Ventris, is the Linear B archive from Knossos, dated approximately to 1425–1375 BC.
Was Atlantis in Crete and Santorini ?
A lot of mystery surrounds the existence of the advanced ancient civilisation of Atlantis. We know it through Plato, who wrote over 1000 years after the destruction of this civilisation by a "great cataclysm".
There have been many hypotheses for the location of Atlantis : Sardinia, Crete and Santorini, Sicily, Cyprus, Malta, Ponza, the Acores, Iceland, a lost island in the Atlantic ocean, or just about any place in Europe or the Americas.
The most likely of all, by far, is Crete and Santorini. In fact, almost everything we know argues in favours of Santorini as the centre of this civilisation.
We already knew that the Minoan civilisation (2700-1450 BCE), who built the famous Palace of Knossos (among many other similar palaces in Crete), was the most developed of its time in the whole world.
The architectural skills would still rival with those of modern architects using the same materials and technology. The Minoans had sewing systems, running water and toilets in every house, and even central heating, over 1000 years before the other Greeks and 1500 years before the Romans.
They controlled a vast maritime empire spanning over the whole Mediterranean. Even the Egyptians were overawed by their civilisation.
Then suddenly, a great disaster destroyed that brilliant civilisation. People have wonder whether it was an earthquake, a tsunami or even a volcanic erruption. What we now know is that a gigantic volcanic erruption took place in the middle of the island of Santorini (the nearest island north of Crete) about 3500 years ago, at the same time as the supposed disparition of Atlantis.
More impressively, this Minoan erruption was apparently the most powerful in human history. It was 10 times stronger than the erruption of the Krakatoa in 1883. This means that the Santorini erruption was 130,000 times the yield of the Little Boy bomb which devastated Hiroshima.
The erruption completely wiped out life on Santorini, covering waht was left of the island in over 60 metres of ash (3x more than Pompei or Herculaneum). It caused an extremely powerful earthquake, which destroyed the Minoan palaces in Crete.
It was followed by a series of 10 huge tidal waves (35m to 150m in height), that ravaged most of the Mediterranean coasts, and completely razed Minoan settlements in Crete. In comparison, the waves of 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean didn't exceed 30m.
This was the end of the Minoan civilisation. The few survivors asked the Egyptians, their long trading partners, for help with the reconstruction. A map of the circular city of Atlantis was found on an Egyptian monument of that period. They didn't call it "Atlantis" but used their term for "Crete", confirming that Crete and Santorini was most likely Atlantis.
Most of the Survivors form Minoan Civilization took Shelter to Egypt. It was thought that Those Minoan People (Ancient Architech and Engineers,Scientists ) also help to build The Rich Ancient Egyptian Civilization.
My View about Lost Atlantis:
|Pictures of Recent Discovery from the Ancient Submerged City of Lord Krishna "Dwarka" , Gujarat, India|
Recent Discovery From Dwarka (Submerged Ancient City Of Lord Krishna into Sea) from Gujarat , India also may be the "Lost Atlantis" .There is striking similarity of descriptions of Plato about Atlantis with The Ancient Indian city of Dwarka. According to my view in Sanskit Dwarka Means "Door" at that time it was the major ancient Port City of India, Therefore through the trade route Dwarka was connected with the different ancient civilization like Egyptian , Roman, Greeks etc so after the destruction of Atlantis some of the people who take Shelter to Egypt were may somehow came to ancient India Through Ancient Port City Dwarka and help to build this beautiful ancient city.
|Ancient Trade Route between Ancient India with Egypt, Greeks, Romans, Minoans etc.|